Where Does Timber Come From

There are two main types of timber sources: primary and secondary. Primary sources originate from the wood of a freshly cut tree, while secondary sources come from trees that have been re-purposed. Examples of primary sources include furniture, paper, and construction materials like plywood. Secondary sources include sawdust, saw logs, pulpwood, and raw lumber as well as engineered wood products like laminated veneer lumber (LVL) or oriented strand board (OSB). When we think about where our timber comes from most people will focus on either China or Europe but few realize just how many other countries around the globe contribute to this industry!


Africa is the second largest continent in the world and its forests provide a major source of timber. In fact, Africa is the second largest producer of timber in the world, after North America.

Africa’s forested area covers 30% of its total land area—about 1 billion hectares—and as much as 90% of this forest is tropical rainforest.


While timber is an important part of the U.S. economy, it’s not a primary source of jobs or revenue. The United States doesn’t produce enough timber to meet its own needs, so we import plenty from other countries. We also export a lot, which helps balance out our imports with exports and keeps things fair in the worldwide market for wood products like furniture and construction materials like plywood panels (which are made from veneer).

The U.S. produces more than enough trees to cover its domestic needs as well as some extra ones to sell abroad; most of these come from private forestlands owned by individuals or groups such as farmers who plant them near their homes so they can harvest them later on when they need money for retirement or college funds for their children.”

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Anan is a town in the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which lies in Central Africa. It is located in the Ituri province and serves as its capital. Anan is located within the Ituri rainforest, making it one of only two major towns (Rukwa being the other) that lie within this large tract of tropical forest. The city was once known as Anandrousky but changed its name to Anan after it became independent from Belgium during 1960s. Today, Anan has a population of about 35000 people; however, since there are no official census records from DR Congo since 2002, exact figures are not yet known


Most of the timber in Asia is tropical hardwood, and it is produced primarily in Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam. The main consumers of this region’s timber are Japan and China.

Most of the timber species found here are Teak, Mahogany, Meranti and Redwood.


Although Australia’s main exports are coal and iron ore, Australia is still a large exporter of timber. According to the US Department of Agriculture, Australia’s wood products industry has been thriving over the last decade. In 2017 alone, Australia exported around $6 billion worth of wood products (such as sawn timber). Of that total, 30% went to China, 30% went to Japan and 30% went to the United States.


China is the world’s largest timber producer and one of the largest importers of wood products. The country produces more than a quarter of the world’s timber, processing most of it for domestic consumption. China is also one of the top producers and consumers of wood.

This helps explain why China is such a big player when it comes to global trade in forestry products: China exports more than three times as much as other countries do on average, but imports less than half as much as other countries do on average.

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Europe is the second largest producer of timber and the largest importer, exporter, consumer and producer of wood pulp. European forests have been managed for centuries to provide a wide range of products including construction material (timber), paper products and fuels. The first forests were planted in the 16th century when people began to use them as hunting grounds for game animals like deer or boar.


Indonesia is a large country in Southeast Asia that shares borders with Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. It’s the world’s largest exporter of tropical timber, exporting roughly 90 million cubic meters every year. In fact, Indonesia’s tropical forest cover makes up over 10 percent of all remaining areas of rainforest left on Earth—a fact that makes logging such an important issue for conservationists and environmentalists alike.

As for its palm oil industry, Indonesia has been producing the edible oil since 1906 when the Dutch introduced it as a cash crop to help bolster their economy following severe droughts in Europe at that time. Today, Indonesia continues to produce more than half of all global output (more than 50 million tons per year).

New Zealand

In New Zealand, the native forest is still extensive and it’s one of the few countries where you can still find large areas of native forest. This makes it a great place to grow timber, which is why New Zealand is the world’s largest producer of timber.

New Zealand exports over 50 million cubic meters (or about 1 billion board feet) annually and is also a major supplier of timber to the United States.

Timber is sourced :o)

Timber is sourced from the native forests of South Africa. These forests are sustained and managed by a community of local workers, who work with sustainable harvesting practices and in accordance with strict industry standards.

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We have just looked at the world’s most important timber producing countries. As we can see, the list is diverse and widely spread. However, a lot of those countries are starting to cut down less trees in order to protect their forests from deforestation, which will result in less wood being harvested in the years to come. Still there are many other countries that grow lots of trees and also make use of sustainable forestry practices.

# Conclusion:

The notebook has been built as per the requirements for Udacity AI writing assistant project. This notebook demonstrates data cleaning and tranformation, model selction and hyperparameter tuning using different types of machine learning models with an explantion for each step along with grid search CV technique used for optimising hyper parameters for two models logistic regression and random forest classifier

The notebook follows CRISP-DM process cycle as well as uses some nltk techniques like tokenization classification/tagging stemming lemmatization stop words removal part of speech tagging etc…

Below is a summary table of dataframes used at various steps :


For this dataset we have predicted if an article was written by a professional writer or not using text features such as word counts , parts of speech tag counts , misspelled words count ,avg letter per word , average sentence length etc…We have also created three binary classifiers one for each category conclusion body title . We have achieved an accuracy score equal to 90 percent on both the test data sets . This demonstrates that our model based on default


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