What Can Tortoises Eat List

Tortoises are herbivores, which means they eat only plants. But tortoises can’t just eat any plant—they need to digest food that is high in fiber and low in acidity. Some of us may think that lettuce is a healthy choice for humans and animals alike, but lettuce actually has little fiber content and is not a good food choice for tortoises.


  • Grass is high in fiber, calcium, protein, vitamin A and E.
  • It’s also high in B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B6 (pyridoxine), niacin, pantothenic acid and biotin.

Small plants

  • Small Plants: Juvenile tortoises should ideally be fed small plants, such as dandelions, clover and grasses. These are high in fiber and low in calories.
  • Examples of Small Plants:
  • Dandelions (especially the young leaves)
  • Clover (ideally red clover)
  • Grass – i.e., common lawn or garden grasses such as Bermuda grass or ryegrass


Hibiscus is a flowering plant and member of the mallow family, Malvaceae. It’s native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Hibiscus is also a common ornamental plant that can be grown in many climates.

Hibiscus plants have large leaves with five to seven lobes, which are often dark green on top and lighter underneath. The flowers are usually red but may also be pink or white, depending on variety; they grow in clusters at the tops of stems that can reach several feet tall.


Beans are a very good source of fiber, protein and iron. They’re also high in calcium, vitamin C and manganese. Because they contain so many nutrients, beans have been known to help lower cholesterol levels.

There are a few types of beans that can be bad for tortoises though. Kidney beans may cause digestive issues such as ulcers or colic because they contain phytohaemagglutinin which is toxic to animals when consumed in high doses (more than three tablespoons per pound). Red kidney beans should not be fed to your tortoise due to this fact!

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Squash is a very nutritious food that can also be grown easily in your garden or on your balcony. Squash is a good source of vitamins and minerals, fiber, antioxidants and beta carotene. It’s also relatively easy to grow at home.

Squash has a number of health benefits:

  • It’s high in vitamin A (beta-carotene). This vitamin helps maintain healthy skin, boost immunity and reduce risk of certain cancers.
  • It contains several B vitamins as well as vitamin E which improves circulation while reducing inflammation throughout the body.

Carrot tops

Carrot tops are high in beta-carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K and vitamin E. These nutrients help your tortoise grow strong bones and healthy skin.

Carrot tops are also a good source of fiber for your tortoise to keep its digestive tract healthy. They’re low on the glycemic index so they won’t spike blood sugar levels like many other vegetables do!

Cactus (prickly pear)

Cactus is a good source of water, fiber and calcium. This is helpful for your tortoise’s digestion. Cactus also contains vitamin A which helps the skin stay healthy and prevents infection, vitamin C which helps the body absorb iron and improves immune function, as well as vitamin E which aids in fat absorption.

Hibiscus flower leaves, blossoms and stems

  • Calcium: Hibiscus flowers, leaves and stems contain calcium. Calcium is essential for the formation of strong bones and teeth as well as healthy blood pressure levels. The recommended daily intake (RDI) for adults is 1,000 mg for men ages 19-50 years old. Women age 19-50 years old should consume 1,200 mg per day; women who are 51 years or older should consume 1,500 mg per day.
  • Fiber: The RDI for fiber varies based on age, gender and activity level but it’s typically recommended that most adults get at least 30 grams each day from dietary sources like whole grains, fruits and vegetables such as leafy greens like hibiscus plants. Fibers can help you feel full faster so that you don’t overeat which can lead to weight gain if consumed in excess amounts over time without enough physical activity which burns off calories consumed through foods containing high amounts of carbohydrates such as pasta noodles made from whole wheat flour instead of white flour because they’re more nutritious due to their ability not only contain more nutrients than regular pasta noodles made from white flour but also be healthier overall since they’re higher in fiber content which makes up part of what gives them this effect when eaten regularly by people who eat them often enough throughout their lives.”
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Spinach is safe for tortoises of all ages. It is a good source of vitamin A, C and iron. It also contains fiber and minerals such as manganese and potassium.

It’s important to make sure that you don’t feed your tortoise spinach if it has been cooked or frozen (cooked foods are usually more nutritious than raw foods). The reason is because the high heat used during the cooking process breaks down some of the nutrients in food, making them less bioavailable (that is, available) to your tortoise’s body once eaten.

Turnip greens.

Turnip greens are rich in vitamins A and C, as well as iron, calcium and potassium. These greens can be fed in small amounts to your tortoise daily.

Turnip greens can be eaten raw or cooked and should only be fed to your tortoise once a week.


Collards are a good source of calcium and iron, as well as vitamins A, K, C and fiber. They also contain folate and manganese. Collard greens can be enjoyed steamed or in soups.

Mustard greens.

Mustard greens are rich in calcium and vitamin A, which is important for your tortoise’s health and growth. Mustard greens also have high levels of vitamin K, which is necessary for blood clotting; this makes them a great choice for tortoises that are prone to internal bleeding. Vitamin C is another major component of mustard greens; it helps ensure proper absorption of iron from other foods. Mustard greens have a good amount of vitamin B6 as well – this nutrient plays an essential role in metabolism and the production of red blood cells.

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Try feeding your tortoise lots of different vegetables!

You might be familiar with the term “tortoise food”, but did you know that there are a lot of different foods that can be fed to your tortoise? You should generally avoid giving your animal any kind of meat, but there are lots of other tasty things you can try. Vegetables are an excellent option, because they contain fibre and vitamins and minerals. They also provide protein which is important for growth and development.

There are many great options when it comes to tortoise food. Try feeding your tortoise lots of different vegetables and see what he prefers! The most important thing is to ensure that your tortoise has a well-balanced diet, which can be achieved with a variety of foods.

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