Poultry House Design In Nigeria

Poultry is one of the cheapest and most efficient means of food production in Nigeria. It requires less capital to start with and little attention. As an entrepreneur, you can leverage on this to make profit for yourself. In this article, we focus mainly on poultry house design in Nigeria with a view to helping the intending poultry farmers in his or her decision making process before erecting a poultry house.



Location is of great importance in the design of poultry houses. The site you choose should be well-drained, well-ventilated and away from human habitation, predators and wild birds. It should also be accessible for easy cleaning and management.


It is important to understand the role of ventilation in the design of your poultry house. It is a critical part of any building, especially one that houses animals. Ventilation is needed for a healthy environment, and it is important to know how to get it right.

The primary purpose of ventilation in any building is to provide fresh air for occupants as well as remove harmful volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the air. Good ventilation can reduce these VOCs by up to 90%.

Poultry house population

The number of birds to be accommodated in each poultry house depends on the type and purpose of the house. The following are standard capacities for a broiler house, layer house and dual purpose house:

  • Broiler House – 8,000 birds
  • Layer House – 30,000 birds
  • Dual Purpose/Meat Production House – 15,000 birds


Heat is a major factor in poultry house design. The temperature of the poultry house should be between 10 and 15 degrees Celsius. It should be well insulated to retain heat and cold, which is especially important during the night when no sunlight can reach it. The poultry house must also have an automatic temperature control system that can detect changes in temperature inside the building and adjust accordingly, thus maintaining a consistent internal environment for your birds. In addition, there should be an efficient heating system installed in your structure to keep it warm when necessary (for example when temperatures drop below freezing).

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Lighting is an important aspect of poultry house design. The type and amount of light poulty require to stay healthy can vary greatly depending on the type of birds and their stage in life.

For example, young chicks require a lot more light than adult birds. As they grow older, their need for light decreases as they grow feathers and develop sight. Due to this, it’s necessary to make sure lighting is sufficient at all times during the production cycle (from chick stage until slaughter).

There are two types of lighting: natural and artificial. Both have advantages and disadvantages depending on your system’s needs. Natural lighting comes from the sun through windows or skylights above the pens where food is located; this can cause problems if there isn’t enough shade from trees or buildings outside your poultry house due to glare being cast inside that causes eye damage over time if not covered up with curtains/blinds etc., which creates additional costs associated with upkeep when using this method compared with artificial options available today like fluorescent tubes installed above each pen area instead which are safer for both people working inside plus animals living there too!


Feeding the chickens with a mixture of pellets and grain is a vital part of keeping them healthy. Poultry feeders are an important piece of equipment for your poultry house.

The main ingredient in chicken feed is corn, wheat and soybean meal. You can also add fish meal to the mix to make it even more nutritious for your hens. The mash you give to your flock should be made up of at least 12% protein and seven percent fat on average. A good way to get this right is by measuring out one kilogram (2 pounds) of mash per hen per day, which should produce around 23 kilograms (50 pounds) per week. You can either give them dry feed or moisten it down first if they prefer wet food instead – just make sure that it’s not too wet or else you’ll end up with moldy chicken feed!

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Water Supply

For the poultry house to be a success, water supply must be adequate. Water is essential for poultry, and it should be available at all times in a clean, uncontaminated state. The water should not have chemicals in it that could harm the birds or introduce parasites into their system.

The water systems in farms are generally divided into different types such as drinking water and home-made waterers (earthenware pots with perforated holes on the bottom). Drinking water is usually provided in troughs designed for this purpose while home-made waterers are made up of earthenware pots which allow limited intake of feed by chickens without spilling out any contents from them (Mbatajoko et al., 2013).

Manure removal system

  • Manure removal system should be designed to remove manure from the poultry house. This can be in the form of a pan or trough depending on the area available for storage, as well as on the nature of your flooring design.
  • The manure removal system must be connected to a regular cleaning schedule that specifies how often it is cleaned out and what type of material is used during this process.

Poultry can be done on a small scale or large scale.

Poultry house design can be done on a small scale or large scale. A large scale poultry farm will require you to have more land and more space for the chickens. On the other hand, a small scale poultry farm will not need as much land since it does not require much space for keeping chickens. If you want to start your own business in Nigeria or anywhere else in the world, you need good knowledge about how to design and build poultry houses so that they can protect your animals from predators.

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If you want to build a professional looking poultry house, it is important that you hire an expert who has experience in designing these types of buildings because they know what features are mandatory for optimal protection against heat, cold temperatures and predators such as thieves who may try to steal some of your chickens without being seen by anyone else around here!

After reading this guide, you should have a better understanding of the factors that need to be considered when designing a poultry house.

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