Companion Planting Chart Pdf
Companion Planting Chart Pdf
Companion planting is a great way to improve your garden soil and plant growth, while keeping pests at bay. Companion planting has been used for over 2,000 years and has been scientifically proven to be a beneficial technique for improving crop yields. Learn more about companion planting here:
Asparagus is a perennial vegetable that grows best in a cool climate. It does not grow well in hot, humid climates or places where summer temperatures exceed 90 degrees. Asparagus is also sensitive to wind, so it should only be planted in protected areas. Asparagus takes several years to reach maturity and produce harvestable stalks, so it’s best to plant this vegetable if you are willing to wait before getting started on your garden.
Asparagus can be planted from seed or root cuttings; however, you may need more than one asparagus plant if you want enough for your family’s consumption during its first year of growth (two plants per person).
Basil is a versatile herb that can be used in many ways. It’s also an excellent companion plant to have in your garden because it attracts bees and other pollinating insects, which will help you grow a better harvest of tomatoes and other vegetables. Basil is known to repel mosquitoes and flies (more on this later).
Basil is a great companion plant for cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, lettuce and tomatoes. Also try adding basil to your bean or eggplant beds to deter pests from those plants as well.
Beans are a cool season crop that grow well with cabbage, radishes, lettuce, carrots and beets. Beans also grow well with cucumbers, corn and potatoes.
Beans can be interplanted with onions and garlic to deter pests from attacking them in the garden. Adding celery to the mixture will improve soil drainage while adding a little extra flavor to your beans!
Beets are good companions for:
- spinach, and tomato.
Asparagus is also a good companion to beets.
Broccoli is a cool season crop. Plant broccoli in the spring, and make sure that you have a sunny location. Broccoli needs to be planted in a location that drains well, so be sure it is not located near water sources like ponds or streams. Broccoli also needs good soil with plenty of organic material added to it.
- Cabbage is a great companion for radish, eggplant and corn.
- Cabbage is a good companion for beans and potatoes.
- Avoid planting cabbage near tomatoes, eggplants and peppers.
Carrots are biennials, meaning they take two years to mature. They can be planted in early spring, through mid-summer, or late summer/early fall.
Carrots prefer loose sandy soil that is well drained and high in organic matter. You may need to add lime if your soil is acidic or compost if your soil lacks nitrogen.
Carrot roots are a good source of vitamin A and C and provide nutrients for both the carrot plant and its neighbors. In addition to being an excellent companion for carrots, coriander (also known as Chinese parsley) will also help deter pests from attacking your carrots
Celery is a biennial plant that is grown as an annual. It’s also a member of the parsley family, along with carrots and parsnips. Celery can be planted in early spring or late fall for harvest during summer months.
It does best in rich soil that drains well, but it doesn’t like to get too much water (so don’t plant it where you’re planning on flooding). Celery grows best in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade as well.
Celery prefers cool weather conditions; however, if temperatures rise above 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night and remain there during most days throughout growing season they may bolt prematurely due to heat stress. If this occurs you will have to replant them once again later on down the road when temps begin dropping again into their optimal range between 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit during growing season which usually begins sometime around late November here in Canada depending upon how cold winter has been so far this year (or not).
Corn is a warm-season crop that grows best in full sun. It is a heavy feeder and needs fertile, well-drained soil. Plant corn in blocks instead of rows to give it room to grow and have access to air circulation. Corn is wind pollinated, so you need to plant several different varieties that will cross-pollinate one another for reliable yields.
Cucumbers are a warm weather vegetable that need a lot of sun and ample water to produce their best crop. They can be planted in the spring once the soil has thawed, but most gardeners prefer to start them indoors so they can be transplanted into the garden when it’s time to plant. If you’re growing your cucumbers in containers, make sure they have plenty of room for their root systems; containers should be no smaller than five gallons each.
Cucumber pests include aphids, hornworms and spider mites. Cucumber diseases include powdery mildew (which turns leaves gray) and downy mildew (which causes yellow spots on leaves). Planting marigolds around your cucumber plants will help deter some pests such as tomato hornworms while repelling others like whiteflies or cabbage loopers.
Varieties include: bush varieties such as ‘Boston Pickling’ or ‘Lemon’; mid-season heirloom varieties like ‘Melon Ball’ or ‘Long Green Improved’; late season heirloom varieties like ‘Burpless Tasty Green’.
Eggplant is a plant that requires full sun and heat. It’s a warm-weather vegetable that grows well in the southern United States, and can be grown throughout the country if you have an eggplant garden in your backyard. Eggplants come in both purple and white varieties, but they are all members of the nightshade family.
Eggplant plants are perennial vegetables, meaning they will last for many years before dying off naturally. They grow best when planted in loose soil with lots of organic matter added to it. You should also add lots of compost or manure on top of your existing soil before planting your eggplants so that their roots can feed off these nutrients once they’re fully established at the beginning stages of growth
- Lettuce is a cool-season crop.
- Lettuce is a light feeder, so it can be planted early in the season.
- Lettuce is a shallow-rooted crop, so it needs to be planted in a flat or shallow furrow.
Melons are a warm-season crop that grows best in full sun. They want to be planted after the danger of frost is over and the soil has warmed up to at least 70 degrees. Melons need plenty of water, so make sure your soil is well drained and amend it with compost before planting.
Harvest melons when they have reached their full size, but are still firm and unblemished; this should take about 2-3 weeks after flowering begins. If your harvest goes too long, remove any ripe fruits from the vine to prevent them from becoming overripe and developing rot or mold problems.
Onions are a cool season crop, and they are also biennial plants. This means that they grow in two stages. The first stage is the vegetative growth when the plant grows leaves and roots, but no flowers or seeds. The second stage is when the onion sets seed and dies back in order to produce new plants next year. Onions can be grown as perennials by planting them every spring for several years until you get good sized bulbs from each bulb planted during this first year of growth (you need at least three successful years before you have enough onions for storage). Onions have shallow root systems so it’s best to plant them in well drained soil with lots of organic matter added like compost or manure; if your soil doesn’t drain well then add some sand or gravel before planting so that water doesn’t pool around their roots!
Onions are hardy plants, which means that they are able to withstand freezing temperatures without any damage done – these types of temperatures will kill most other vegetables like tomatoes when exposed outdoors during winter months! Soil temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit will kill all above ground parts including leaves but underground parts such as bulbs can survive even though there might be some damage done due to freezing temperatures.”
- Peas are a hardy crop that can grow in most soil types. When planted in rows, they can be used to create a living fence or windbreak.
- Peas should be planted with lettuce, radishes and carrots when you want the peas to mature quickly. This will give you an earlier harvest than if you just planted peas on their own.
- Lettuce is also a soft-stemmed leafy green plant with edible leaves. Radishes don’t take up much space but can get quite large if left to grow for more than one season. Carrots are another hardy vegetable that stores well after planting—the roots will last long enough to enjoy during colder months of winter when most other veggies aren’t available yet!
Potatoes are a vegetable, which means they grow underground. They’re also a root crop, so they don’t have leaves or branches and they store energy in their roots to keep them alive during the winter. Potatoes are part of the nightshade family. This means that they have small flowers with white petals that produce berries (or fruit), which eventually turn into potatoes once they’re mature.
Potatoes grow best in full sun and well-drained soil that has been worked into compost or manure before planting your seedlings. They do not like wet feet!
Pumpkin and Squash (Winter)
Pumpkins and squash are both members of the gourd family. They are easy to grow and can be planted together in a single bed with good results. The plants need lots of water as they grow, so make sure to keep them well watered during dry periods.
Both plants can also be harvested together when mature or at different stages depending on your preferences: some like pumpkin pie filling while others prefer summer squash for grilling or salads.
Companion Planting Chart Pdf
Companion planting is the practice of planting different crops in close proximity to one another for the purpose of providing a benefit, such as improving soil fertility or reducing pests and diseases. Plants that are mutually beneficial are said to be companion plants; those that have an antagonistic relationship can be called “competitors” or even “antagonists”.
The following chart illustrates some common companion plantings:
In conclusion, the above chart is a great tool to use when planning your garden. It is easy to use and provides information about how you can use certain plants together for maximum benefit or minimize negative effects. If you have any questions about companion planting then feel free to contact us at our website which also has other useful resources such as gardening tips and tricks!